River Tipple



River Tipple


Bessie M. Hazen
Sandy Creek, Pennsylvania 1888-1970 Greenville, Pennsylvania


oil on canvas


30 x 25 in.


The main portal of Vesta #4, once the largest soft coal mine in the world, was located on the Monongahela River at California, Pennsylvania. The mine employed 1,900 mine workers and contained more than 100 miles of track for mine cars plus twenty-two miles of pipe for draining water from the mine. Three tons of water were pumped out of the mine for every one ton of coal produced. Mined coal was transported from the mine tipple’s river and rail loading facilities to the Jones & Laughlin steel production plants in Pittsburgh and Aliquippa.

Hazen graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology College in 1926. She taught and became head of the art program at California (PA) Teachers College. After retiring from the college in 1955, Hazen moved to Greenville in Mercer County, Pennsylvania where she continued to paint and present lectures on art to civic groups.




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